About Sri Lanka

Island like no other

South of the Indian subcontinent lies a small island called Sri Lanka. Some say it's in a shape of a mango fruit; others refer to it as The Pearl of the Indian Ocean and the Tear drop of the Indian Ocean. No matter the name, Sri Lanka is a paradise on earth. It’s no wonder that Marco Polo called Sri Lanka “the finest island of its size in the entire world”. It is shaped like a jewel, and bears a variety of different treasures, from precious stones to stunning landscapes and wildlife. It's surrounded by amazing sandy beaches protected by palm trees and guarded by the Indian Ocean.

Geography

Geographically Sri Lanka lies between 5 55’ and 9 55’ North of the equator and between the Eastern longitudes 79 42’ and 81 52. It has a land area of 65,610 square kilometers and approximately 16% of it is forest land.

Climate

The climate is tropical and warm, due to the moderating effects of ocean winds. The average yearly temperature is between from 28 °C to 31 °C. The variation of daily and nightly temperatures can be between 14 °C and 18 °C. Lower areas of the Island have an average maximum temperature of 33 °C, meanwhile the highland areas can reach as low as 17 °C during winter months.

History 

The Sri Lankan history began around 30.00 years ago. In the 6th century BC there are recorded events of the Sinhalese monarchy. It has a rich history of various kings (records say 181) that ruled the land from the Anuradhapura to Kandy periods. European colonist arrived to the island in the 16th century. It is recorded that parts of Sri Lanka were ruled by the Portuguese, Dutch and British. The British took over the island after the year 1815. There were several rebellions, but only in the year 1948 the country managed to gain independence. The status of a republic was assumed in the year 1972 which was followed by the introduction of the constitution in 1978. Between the years 1983 and 2009 Sri Lanka was in a Civil war. When the war ended after 25 years the country began to raise quickly, building up their economy and developing the formal war areas.

Religion

By the Galluop poll (2008) Sri Lanka is rated as the third most religious country in the world, as 99% of the population is saying that religion is an important part of their everyday life.

  • 70.2% Theravada Buddhist
  • 12.6% Hindu 
  • 9.7% Muslim
  • 7.4% Christian

Weather

 Sri Lanka is a tropical island which means it has its dry and wet season. The thing that makes it more interesting is that the country has two monsoons. From May to August the Yala monsoon brings rain to south-western half, while the dry season here lasts from December to March. On the north and east the monsoon Maha brings rain from October to January, while the dry season lasts from May to September. So you can visit Sri Lanka easily the whole year around. There is also an inter-monsoonal period in October and November when rain can occur in many parts of the island, but you will still have many sunny days.

The average temperature in Colombo and the coastal regions is 27°C.The historical town of Kandy (altitude 500m)and its surroundings has an average temperature of 20°C, while the uphill country with the town of Nuwara Eliya (at 1889m) comes down to 16°C.

Rainy seasons:

South and West: June–October
North and East: December–March

Useful Links

Visa Application: http://www.eta.gov.lk/slvisa/
Current weather: http://www.meteo.gov.lk
Detailed information about Sri Lanka: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lanka
Coconut Tours on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/coconuttourskandy